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  • Writer's pictureİnterhas Stok

Felide Herpesvirus – 1 Infection

The natural host of felide herpesvirus-1 (FeHV-1), a member of the Herpesviridae family, is felines. The viral agent, whose transmission route is mostly direct contact, causes intense infection in the conjunctiva and cornea, as well as upper respiratory tract problems. The causative agent usually becomes latently infected in the trigeminal ganglia of animals that survive the primary infection. Most recovered animals carry and shed the agent throughout their lives.

FeHV-1 is in the varicellovirus genus of the alphaherpesvirinae subfamily of the Herpesviridae family. The agent was first isolated in 1958 in the United States from a kitten showing symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection.

In order to prevent and control the infection, it is important to consider the vaccine applications and the management of the fight against the disease, and to approach the disease from that perspective. Vaccination is the most basic method of protection because FeHV-1 is an infection with a high prevalence, easily transmitted and sometimes causing serious or fatal cases [8]. Modified live vaccines and inactivated vaccines are used in the fight against FeHV-1 infection. These can be prepared in combination with Feline Corona virus (FCV), Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenivirus.

It is quite safe as there are no risk factors such as reinfection and virus shedding after inactivated vaccine applications. In fact, some inactivated vaccines have been produced to be administered to pregnant cats. These vaccines administered during pregnancy also play a role in the protection of the offspring.

Summary: Canine herpesvirus-1 and ph

Felide herpesvirus-1 (FeHV-1), which has a close antigenic relationship with ocine herpesvirus-1, causes acute and chronic upper respiratory tract and ocular diseases in the feline family. Reinfections occur in surviving animals due to the possibility of the virus remaining latent. In this review, information about FeHV-1 infection, which has high infectious and contagious felines, is given.

Keywords: Felide herpesvirus-1 (FeHV-1)


Ali Kucuk, Yakup Yildirim

Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Virology, Burdur

Etlik Vet Mikrobiol Journal, 2018; 29 (1): 76-81

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